Iran Says US Breaching Nuclear Deal As Hassan Rouhani Starts New Term
Teheran Iran said on Thursday that the new US sanctions constituted a violation of its nuclear agreement with world powers, putting pressure on President Hassan Rouhani as he began his second term.
Rouhani was sworn in by Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei late on the day after his re-election in May.
It is less than 24 hours after US President Donald Trump has confirmed new sanctions against Iran.
Tehran said the new measures violate the 2015 agreement with world powers, which have facilitated sanctions in exchange for restrictions on its nuclear program, an agreement that Trump has repeatedly threatened to break.
“We believe the nuclear deal has been violated and we will respond appropriately,” Deputy Foreign Minister Abbas Araghchi told state television.
“Of course, do not fall into the trap of US policy and Trump, and our response will be considered very carefully.”
The growing crisis creates a difficult situation Rouhani, a 68-year-old moderator who won re-election largely to his efforts to repair relations with the West.
“It’s an unfortunate moment,” said Ellie Geranmayeh, an Iranian analyst at the European Council on Foreign Relations.
“What is absolutely essential is the way Europeans are positioning themselves,” he said, emphasizing growing trade ties with Europe and its continued support for the nuclear deal.
Britain, France and Germany – which signed the agreement with Russia, China and the US. – are the founders of the agreement and criticized the administration for Trump threatened to demolish.
The French giant of total energy has defied US pressure in July over the signing of a $ 1 billion gas deal with Iran.
“What the Iranians now bancent, perhaps overestimated, is that Europe is going to safeguard and build the business and make it too politically costly for Trump to tear, or at least prove to Washington that if it withdraws to do it alone, Geranmayeh said.
The International Atomic Energy Agency has repeatedly confirmed that Iran is clinging to its commitments under the agreement – a position that was reluctantly accepted by the White House Trump.
But with Iran taking the lead in the Middle East, through its support for the powers in Syria, Lebanon and Iraq, US lawmakers seem determined to increase tensions.
Meanwhile, Rouhani faces challenges closer to home, opponents in difficulty arguing that aggressive moves prove that Washington would never have confidence in the United States.
A war of words has also erupted between the Rouhani office and the Revolutionary Guard after criticizing its role in the economy – although they tried to bury the ax with a public demonstration of unity.
This week, the reformist allies Rouhani also joined the chorus of criticism, attacking the press that continues to appoint a male cabinet.